Trees That Grow In Shade

trees that grow in shade

  • A woody perennial plant, typically having a single stem or trunk growing to a considerable height and bearing lateral branches at some distance from the ground

  • (in general use) Any bush, shrub, or herbaceous plant with a tall erect stem, e.g., a banana plant

  • A wooden structure or part of a structure

  • (tree) corner: force a person or an animal into a position from which he cannot escape

  • (tree) a figure that branches from a single root; "genealogical tree"

  • (tree) a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms

  • Screen from direct light

  • Darken or color (an illustration or diagram) with parallel pencil lines or a block of color

  • relative darkness caused by light rays being intercepted by an opaque body; "it is much cooler in the shade"; "there's too much shadiness to take good photographs"

  • Cover, moderate, or exclude the light of

  • represent the effect of shade or shadow on

  • shadow: cast a shadow over

  • turn: pass into a condition gradually, take on a specific property or attribute; become; "The weather turned nasty"; "She grew angry"

  • (of a plant) Germinate and develop

  • increase in size by natural process; "Corn doesn't grow here"; "In these forests, mushrooms grow under the trees"; "her hair doesn't grow much anymore"

  • (of a living thing) Undergo natural development by increasing in size and changing physically; progress to maturity

  • Produce by cultivation

  • become larger, greater, or bigger; expand or gain; "The problem grew too large for me"; "Her business grew fast"

Paulownia tomentosa (Empress Tree, Princess Tree or Foxglove Tree)

Paulownia tomentosa (Empress Tree, Princess Tree or Foxglove Tree)

Paulownia tomentosa (also known as the Empress Tree, Princess Tree or Foxglove Tree; pao tong ?? in Chinese; kiri ? in Japanese) is a deciduous tree in the genus Paulownia, native to central and western China, but invasive in the US [1][2]. It grows to 10-25 m tall, with large heart-shaped to five-lobed leaves 15-40 cm across, arranged in opposite pairs on the stem. On young growth, the leaves may be in whorls of three and be much bigger than the leaves on more mature growth [3]. The characteristic large size of the young growth is exploited by gardeners: by pollarding the tree and ensuring there is vigorous new growth every year, massive leaves are produced (up to 60cm across). These are popular in the modern style of gardening which uses large-foliaged and "architectural" plants.The flowers are produced before the leaves in early spring, on panicles 10-30 cm long, with a tubular purple corolla 4-6 cm long resembling a foxglove flower. The fruit is a dry egg-shaped capsule 3-4 cm long, containing numerous tiny seeds. The seeds are winged and disperse by wind and water. Pollarded trees do not produce flowers, as these only form on mature wood.Paulownia tomentosa can survive wildfire because the roots can regenerate new, very fast-growing stems. It is tolerant of pollution and it is not fussy about soil type. For this reason it functions ecologically as a pioneer plant. Its nitrogen-rich leaves provide good fodder and its roots prevent soil erosion. Eventually, Paulownia is succeeded by taller trees that shade it. It cannot thrive in the shade of other trees.
In China, an old custom is to plant an Empress Tree when a baby girl is born. The fast-growing tree matures when she does. When she is eligible for marriage the tree is cut down and carved into wooden articles for her dowry. Carving the wood of Paulownia is an art form in Japan and China. In legend, it is said that the Phoenix will only land on the Empress Tree and only when a good ruler is in power. Several Asian string instruments are made from P. tomentosa, including the Japanese koto and Korean gayageum zithers.The soft, lightweight seeds were commonly used as a packing material by Chinese porcelain exporters in the 19th century, before the development of polystyrene packaging. Packing cases would often leak or burst open in transit and scatter the seeds along rail tracks. This, together with seeds released by specimens deliberately planted for ornament, has allowed the species to become an invasive weed tree in areas where the climate is suitable for its growth, notably Japan and the eastern United States.

La Paulownia tomentosa e un albero dal portamento maestoso e fioriture molto decorative, con foglie cuoriformi, tomentose, e che a fine primavera produce fiori di colore bianco o lilla, profumatissimi, riuniti in grandi corimbi, i frutti autunnali sono capsule ovali, ricoperte da una peluria dorata.La specie fu importata in Europa intorno al 1800 dalla Compagnia olandese delle Indie orientali e nel corso dei secoli seguenti, in particolare nel XIX secolo, fu impiegata come pianta ornamentale nei giardini, nei parchi e nei viali di tutta l'Europa meridionale.
La leggerezza e tra le doti di spicco del suo legno, come delle altre specie del genere. Ha elevata flessibilita e durabilita, ma bassa rigidita. Questo lo rende inadatto per strutture che richiedono alta rigidita. I giapponesi lo apprezzano molto per questo ed anche perche ha una struttura uniforme che lo rende molto adatto per lavorazioni di precisione e non lascia passare l'umidita. Per queste caratteristiche viene usato per costruire mobili, come cassettoni e bauli, per gli strumenti musicali come il So (arpa orizzontale), per le scarpe e le maschere. Il legno di Paulownia tomentosa ha il suo impiego anche nel settore dell'edilizia per rivestimenti interni e serramenti, ma anche per la fabbricazione di mobili, pannelli truciolati e multistrato, tranciati, sfogliati, pasta da carta, arnie per le api, ed oggettistica varia.Si tratta di una pianta che cresce molto velocemente ed ha il suo picco di crescita proprio nei primi tre anni di vita. Si adatta molto bene per questo alla produzione di biomassa per fini energetici. Le grandi quantita di materiale sono pero penalizzate dal grande contenuto di acqua. La fioritura e grande fonte di nettare per le api, le quali possono produrre miele esclusivamente da questa pianta. E ancora la funzione frangivento (data dall'ampia e folta chioma), le capacita fitodepurative (elevato prelievo di azoto dal terreno), l'estrazione di biossido di carbonio dall'aria (in quantita molto importanti data la velocita di crescita) ed infine l'intercettazione delle poveri grossolane grazie alla peluria che caratterizza le foglie di questa specie.

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Wolf Tree

Wolf Tree

Wolf tree is a colloquial description that refers to a once open-grown tree that now is enveloped by the surrounding forest. These trees are told by their larger size in comparison to the surrounding trees, as well as their lateral limbs: an uncommon trait of forest-grown trees that must grow vertically in competition to reach to canopy sunlight. These trees are important cues in reading the landscape and reconstructing former land use practices. In New England most wolf trees are found along stonewalls, signifying former pasture hedgerows. Others are found on rock outcroppings and other rugged spots too impractical for pionerring farmers to clear. Still others, like the one in this photo, do not appear near any obvious landscape feature and may have simply provided pasture shade.

trees that grow in shade

See also:

car shades

amerikaanse shutters

architectural sunshades

white wood blinds

rolling shades

collapsible canopy

accent shutters